A health warning begins…
“Followers of the Way, if you want to get the kind of understanding that accords with the dharma, never be misled by others. Whether you’re facing inward or facing outward, whatever you meet up with, just kill it! If you meet a Buddha, kill the Buddha. If you meet a patriarch, kill the patriarch. If you meet an arhat, kill the arhat. …Then, for the first time, you will gain emancipation, will not be entangled with things, will pass freely anywhere you wish to go”.Jy Din – according to Chuan Zhi
|Buddha (c. 563/480 – c. 483/400 BCE)|
|尊者 zūn zhě (his holiness)|
|1||Mahā Kāśyapa – the flower sermon dude|
摩訶迦葉 / Móhējiāyè
|尊者 zūn zhě (his holiness)||Makakashō|
|2||Ānanda – Sutta-Piṭaka and the first Buddhist council||阿難陀 / Ānántuó (Ānán)||尊者 zūn zhě (his holiness)||Anan|
|4||Upagupta – possibly the teacher of Asoka||優波鞠多 / Yōupójúduō||尊者 zūn zhě (his holiness)||Ubakikuta|
|12||Ānabodhi / Bodhisattva Aśvaghoṣa||馬鳴大士 (馬鳴) / Ānàpútí dà shì (Mǎmíng)||尊者 zūn zhě (his holiness)||Anabotei (Memyō)|
|14||Bodhisattva Nāgārjuna – philosopher of the Prajñāpāramitā sūtras||那伽閼剌樹那 (龍樹)|
/ Nàqiéèlàshùnà (Lóngshù)
|尊者 zūn zhě (his holiness)||Nagaarajuna (Ryūju)|
|15||Āryadeva / Kānadeva|
|20||Śayata / Jayata|
|24||Simhabodhi / Sinha|
|27||Prajnatara / Prajñātārā, also known as Keyura, Prajnadhara, or Hannyatara, was the twenty-seventh patriarch of Indian Buddhism.|
般若多羅 / Bānruòduōluó
|尊者 zūn zhě (his holiness)|
China: Chán (Zen)
The first six have been numbered with Chinese characters. They’re the ‘grandmasters’—Zen’s founding people.
|28||1||Bodhidharma (d.535)||Ta Mo, 菩提達磨 , Pútídámó||尊者 zūn zhě (his holiness)||Bodaidaruma|
|Huìkě 慧可||大師 dàshī (grandmaster)||Taiso Eka||487-593|
|Sēngcàn 僧璨||大師 dàshī (grandmaster)||Kanchi Sōsan||495-606|
|Dào xìn 道信||大師 dàshī (grandmaster)||Dōshin||580-651|
|32||五祖||Hóngrěn 弘忍||大師 dàshī (grandmaster)||Konin||602-675|
The actual origins of Chán may lie in ascetic practitioners of Buddhism, who found refuge in forests and mountains…
“He began the physical training of the monks of Shaolin Monastery that led to the creation of Shaolin kungfu. In Japan, he is known as Daruma.”
You can even see that reflected today in our US and European branch preference for hermitages in woods; a mirror image of what happened to Buddhism once it hit China.
|Cao-xi Huìnéng 慧能 The Sixth Patriarch of Chán, a semi-legendary but central figure in the early history of Chinese Chán Buddhism. Pronounced ‘hui-noong’.||大師 dàshī (grandmaster)||Daikan Enō||638-713|
|34||7||Nányuè Huáiràng |
禪師 Chánshī (Chánmaster) as opposed to 法士 Fǎ shì, priest.
|35||8||Mǎzǔ dào yīa 馬祖道一||Chánmaster is then applied to all the following.||Baso Dōitsu||709-788|
|36||9||Bǎizhàng huáihǎiai |
|37||10||Huángbò Xīyùn||Ōbaku Kiun||d.850|
|Śākya||Chán||Línjì||Name (m)||Ending honorific||Date|
|38||11||1||Lin-ji Yixuan 临济义玄; 臨濟義玄; Línjì Yìxuán; Lin-chi I-hsüan <== this is Rinzai. (Jp: Rinzai Gigen)||禪師 Chánshī (Chánmaster)||787-866|
|39||12||2||Xīnghuà Cúnjiǎng |
|Chánmaster is then applied to all the following.||830-888|
|40||13||3||Nányuàn Huìyóng |
|41||14||4||Feng-xue Yan-zhao |
|43||16||6||Fen-yang Shan-zhao |
|44||17||7||Shí-shuāng Chǔ-yuán 石霜楚圓 (986-1039)||986-1039|
|45||18||8||Yáng-qí Fāng-huì |
|46||19||9||Bái-yún Shǒu-duān 白雲守端||1025-1072|
|47||20||10||Wǔ-zǔ Fǎ-yǎn |
|48||21||11||Yuán-wù (or Huan-wu) Kè-qín |
|49||22||12||Hǔ-qiū Shào-lóng |
|50||23||13||Yīng-ān Tán-huá ||1103-1163|
|53||26||16||Wú-zhǔn Shī-fàn |
|Jing-ci Miao-lun ||Chánmaster is still applied to all the following.||1201-1261|
|Rui-yan Wen-bao ||d.1335|
|Hua-ding Xian-du ||1265-1334|
|Fu-lin Zhi-du ||1304-1370|
|Wu-qu Ru-kong ||1491-1580|
|Wu-huan Xing-chong ||1540-1611|
|Xing-shan Hui-guang ||1576-1620|
|Pu-ming De-yong ||1587-1642|
|Zi-bo Zhen-ke or|
Dáguān Zhēnkě. (J. Takkan Shinka; K. Talgwan Chin’ga 達觀眞可
|1543-1603||Link suggests he was a Pure Land kinda guy, as well as Chán.|
|Miao-lian Sheng-hua||1824-1907, also Xuyun’s master (?)|
|Ding-feng Guo-cheng or Yaocheng ||Probably the Cao Dong line (source).|
|Shan-ci Chang-kai (Changkai)||… 禪師 Chánshī (Chánmaster) as opposed to 法士 Fǎ shì, priest, is still applied to the following …|
|De-qing Yen-ch’e (Hsu Yun)|
Xūyún Xing-che and other names in other parts of the tree 虛雲性徹
|There is an extensive write-up about him on Wikipedia. He’s a ‘famous’ guru.||1840-1959|
The following article was submitted for use on Wikipedia but, at the time, seems not to have met the requirements regarding certain things such as the sources being removed enough from the subject for a page about an historical figure. Not wanting to lose the research effort, I’ve posted it here. Similar may apply for later figures.
Jy Ding (Wei Miao Shì Zhì Dìng, Śākya / Chánshī; traditional Chinese: 唯淼 釋 (傳/智)定 禪師; occasionally ”Jy Din”, possibly ”Zhiding” September 7, 1917 – March 13, 2003, we know him as Jy Din; he preferred ‘shakya’ as the honorific for himself and those after him, lit. ‘of Buddha’s tribe’)
It is quite possible that Chan Buddhism (Chinese) first came to the West with Jy Ding.
He was sent by his Zen Master Xuyun in 1956. He was part of the group of Xuyun Dharma disciples who were pushed by their master to leave China shortly before the Communist takeover in 1949. He started building the Hsu Yun Temple in the same year – the first Chán Buddhist temple in the west. Construction of the ‘great hall’ part of this temple, overseen by Jy Ding, began in 1964 and finished three years later, in 1967. The full temple complex, which was constructed over ten years, was sanctioned at a ceremony on November 8th, 1997, at which Jy Ding, presiding as founder and abbot also named his spiritual successor to be Chuan Zhi, someone born in Indiana. (An additional ordination back in China, conducted by Jy Ding along with Great Master Benhuan and many others, followed later.)
According to the Honolulu Advertiser, he was born November 17, 1917, “in the river town of Shao Guan in Fujian province, China” to “a well-to-do family engaged in building materials and vegetable sales” and he became “a venerated teacher to thousands of Hawai’i’s Chinese Buddhists”.
When he was still quite young, he met master Xuyun (Hsu Yun) at Nan Hua monastery, being ordained by him at the age of 20. For several years, he served as Xuyun’s interpreter when the master was on the road giving important talks. After some time away studying, he returned to Nan Hua monastery and regulated the monastery ground, schools, and offices. Then, when Xuyun left Nan Hua to restore the Yun Men monastery and lineage, Master Jy Ding became the head monk of Nan Hua monastery, and a committee member of the Chinese Buddhist Association.
When the war came, they both moved to Hong Kong together, and whilst there, Jy Ding received the invitation of the Chinese immigrant community from Honolulu, to spread the dharma in Hawaii—a country still independent of the USA at that time. Xuyun approved, using simple words: “spread the Dharma to the West”.
- “In 1947, the old monk Xuyun and Master Zhiding took a group photo in front of the Guangzhou Zoulu Mansion” – KKNEWS.CC
- Star Bulletin Obituary
- Honolulu Advertiser 21 March 2003
- “Empty Cloud: The teachings of Xu Yun: A remembrance of the Great Chinese Zen Master”, Jy Din, 1996, Hong Kong : H. K. Buddhist book distributor
- Religions in Asian America: Building Faith Communities Pyong Gap Min & Jung Ha Kim (Eds.), Altamira Press, 2002
- Zhe, Ji; Fisher, Gareth; Laliberté, André (2019). Buddhism after Mao: Negotiations, Continuities, and Reinventions. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. p. 133. ISBN978-0-8248-7734-7.
- Dharma Winds Zen Sangha Lineage
- Ownby, David; Goossaert, Vincent; Zhe, Ji (2016). Making Saints in Modern China. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 133. ISBN978-0-19-049457-5.
- Honolulu Advertiser, 25 July, 2004
Perhaps the next person in this list is you?
Really, there is no bar between master, teacher, or monk in this branch of the line since Jy Din—’abbot’ and ‘priest’ being more like certain offices. Build a temple, then you can be an abbot! That’s to say it is horizontal: you are ordained, or you’re not.
Other branches of the Jy Din line are less horizontal, so slice the pie differently.
This is new lands, the lineage goes on, and who knows who will do what! But, since Jy Din, we have mostly all been non-monastic, practically focussed, sometimes eremite, and mystical ole sticks.
Now’s a good time to read:A fascinating article about the only physical temple (so far) in this particular branch.
Hsu Yun Temple
Chuan Zhi (Steve)
Chuan Zhi, given the precepts in 1993 by Ming Zhen Shakya  was ordained by Jy Ding at Hsu Yun Temple  on November 8th, 1997. The name ‘Chuan Zhi’ bears resemblance to Jy Ding’s own, a signal that Jy Ding wanted Chuan Zhi to be his spiritual successor.
He was ordained again in 1998 as a monk, or bhikṣu at China’s Hongfa Temple, Shenzhen, by ten masters, including Jy Ding and Benhuan. This was an honour recognised by the Buddhist Association of China .
He did not have to adopt the Vinaya rules.
- https://web.archive.org/web/20200118092710/https://dharmawindszensangha.org/our-lineage/ Dharma Winds Zen Sangha
|釋 傳智 見行 禪師|
|Born||12 October, 1960|
|School||Linji school and possibly others.|
|Students: Fa Lohng Huo Hong Fa|
|Traditional Chinese||釋 傳智 見行 禪師|
|Simplified Chinese||释传智 見行|
|Hanyu Pinyin||Shì Chuán Zhi, or Chuán Zhi Śākya|
|Wade–Giles||shih ch’uan chih|
|Jyutping||sik1 cyun4 zi3|
Fǎ Lohng (Miles)
Fǎ Lohng Huo Hong Fǎ, Śākya / Chánshī / Wayfarer (法狼 活弘法 禪師 Chinese; Fa Lohng Śākya); means ‘Dharma Wolf Lives (by Propagating Buddha’s Teaching)’; goes by Kaishin Inshu, rōshi; sometimes Thich Tam Phàp, different lineage (see below); ‘Wayfarer’ honorific is specific to his Order (see below)) (b. 1960) is a Chán or Zen master, and is native to the United States.
Perhaps better known, by his given name ‘Richard Miles’, for co-designing the tall ship Lady Washington, he is part of a western non-monastic tradition of Zen Priests begun by Jy Ding. As such he has played a key role in the continuation of Xuyun‘s lineage in the west, naming Michael Pockley (British) one of his successors, thus also helping a unique, and at times experimental, flavour of Chán, or Zen, to reach Europe.
He founded, and hand-built, the Koin An Zen Dojo, in Olympia, co-founded the Order of the Boundless Way , and built the Open Gate Zendo (Koro An) Olympia—along similar lines to that of Koin An. He is also known for initiating Prison Dharma outreach in Washington State prisons, and instituting a local, annual peace walk in memory of Dr. Martin Luther King
- Received precepts under Hsuan Hua, a student of Xuyun, in San Francisco, in the 1970s.
- Received transmission in the Jy Ding lineage, in 2008, by Chuan Zhi and Chuan Zhang, as Fa Lohng Huo Hong Fa
- Recognised as a dharma teacher in 2016 in the lineage of Venerable H.T. Thích Thiên-Ân by Thich An Giao, a Zen Master in the Vietnamese Thiền (Zen) tradition, at Desert Zen Center in Lucerne Valley, California, as Thich Tam Phàp
- Founder of his own Order, Boundless Way, in which he is a ‘Wayfarer’
Some clarification regarding his lineage can be found in Zhi, Chuan (29 October 2019). Exploring Chán: An Introduction to the Religious and Mystical Tradition of Chinese Buddhism. Songlark. p. 474. ISBN 9781733314312.
- Northwest Dharma Association
- The Olympian, January 20th, 2019
- The Olympian January 15th, 2011
- Great Silence Hermitage, Facebook
- The Daily World, November 8th, 2012
- Dharma Winds Zen Sangha Lineage
- Order of the Boundless Way (OBW/ Mugendo Zen Kai)
- SFGate.com – Remembering Dr King Across the Nation
- Articles published by ‘Fa Lohng’
- ‘The One Mat Zendo: Teachings and Practices for the Solitary or Independent Zen Practitioner’. Site links to other archived blogs by the same author: ‘Drifting Clouds and Flowing Water’, ‘The Dojin Roku’
- The Tradition of Mountain Ascetic Zen
…and then, on 31st October 2009,
in the US,
View this gallery in a different way >
…and then we are in Europe…
Yín Shí, Śākya / Chánshī (印時 禪師 Chinese; means ‘seal of dharma’; Inshu (Japanese); prefers ‘Kaishin Inshu, rōshi’; usu. Michael Pockley) (b. 1967), is a Chán or Zen master.
Following ordination at Open Gate Zendo, Washington State, 31st October 2009 under the tutelage of Koro Kaisan Miles, Michael:
- established a zendō (Chinese: Chántáng) close to his home in Oxfordshire,
- became among the first, if not the first, to take Linji Chan to Kenya, serving Zen Kenya as locum zazen leader and rural outreach worker at Lake Victoria,
- was senior Linji cleric in the Czech Republic, setting up Prague Rinzai Zendo,
- established the Tumbleweed Zen sangha in Oxfordshire in 2017,
- taught Zen Buddhism as Visiting Instructor at Somerville College, Oxford. (2017 – 2019),
- taught Zen to thousands of children, sometimes for whole schools at a time (for example, Bedales, in 2011).
In part because of some training in Japanese Buddhism prior to his 2009 ordination, he has tended to use the Japanese form of his dharma name: Kaishin Inshu rōshi. The ‘Inshu’ part is the dharma name, which in Chinese is Yín Shí, 印時.
He has so far named four successors.
Early life and education
He was raised in Hampshire and schooled at Marlborough House School and Haileybury College. He studied for a Bachelor of Arts in Politics at Durham University in 1989, a Postgraduate Certificate in Education at Homerton College, Cambridge, in 1992, and an Master of Arts (Ed.) in the Philosophy of Education at the Institute of Education, University of London, 1996. Finally, he attained a Postgraduate Diploma in Buddhist Studies at University of Sunderland, 2007.
After brief service in the British Army as a 2nd Lieutenant, he became a bookseller, a property manager, and a kibbutznik at the Kibbutz in Shefayim. He then taught at several schools, including Státní Jazyková Škola in Prague (1993-4), The Dragon School, Oxford (2006–11), Kenton College, Nairobi (2011), Turning Point Trust, Kibera (2012), Masarykovo Klasické Gymnázium, Říčany (2013–14), Univerzita Karlova (1993–94 and 2014–17), Open Gate School, Babice u Říčan (2013–17), St. Joseph’s RC Primary School, Oxford (2018), Carfax and Greene’s tutorial colleges, Oxford (2017–19) and West Buckland School, Devon (2019 onwards).
From 1993 to 2018 he served as an examiner for the Czech Ministry of Education.
He is affiliated with the Centre for Formal Epistemology at the Czech Academy of Sciences.
- Pockley, Michael (January 22, 2012). “The Dojin Roku: Zen Outreach in Kenya”.
- “World Buddhist Directory – Presented by BuddhaNet.Net”. web.archive.org. April 21, 2016.
- “Wayback Machine” (PDF). web.archive.org. April 13, 2019.
- Kaisan, Koro (July 5, 2011). “Drifting Clouds and Flowing Water: Meet Nick Crowther-Wilton”.
- “Patrick Muirhead and Michael Pockley letters – National Library of Wales Archives and Manuscripts”. archives.library.wales.
- “Wayback Machine” (PDF). web.archive.org. January 12, 2020.
- “Rev. Michael Pockley, MA (Ed.), PG Dip., BA, PGCE”. web.archive.org. January 12, 2020.
- The Third Great Balloon Debate
- Mediteren in de trein (Panta Rhei, 2017) (Versions of this book exist in several languages, including English, ‘How to Meditate on the Train’. The best known is the Dutch edition; the others are self-published.)
|Title||rōshi / Shakya|
|Born||February 9, 1967|
|School||include the Linji school|
|Notable work(s)||Mediteren in de trein (Panta Rhei, 2017)|
|Teacher||Koro Kaisan Miles|
|Predecessor||Koro Kaisan Miles (Fǎ Lohng Huo Hong Fǎ Shakya)|
|Students include Trevor Barton|
…and now we are in England…
This one isn’t on Wikis!
Trevor / Pingu
Zhèng Píngguǒ (證 蘋果 禪師 Chinese; prefers Trevor ; means ‘Bear Witness (to the Dharma), Apple’; nickname Pingu) (1975 – ) …
- He has instructed others in Zen meditation since 2011.
- He took on the coordination of Tumbleweed Zen sangha founded 2017, in April 2018.
His lineage is that of Jy Din’s—the abbot who founded Hsu Yun Temple, ordained Chuan Zhi, and established a non-monastic, practical and sometimes mystical style devised to spread the dharma to the west.
His sangha is in keeping this tradition, separating itself from formal dōjō set-up, use of chanting, ritual, or generally the wearing of any special robes like kesa , except at special events.
Instead his emphasis, as determined by his teacher Michael Pockley, is on
- practical effort in the local sangha community,
- lay practice (normally sitting meditation), and
- ‘living the way’.
Informal in nature, the name of the sangha serves as organising nomenclature for what is, in effect, a series of events or hermitages in England, all of the same approach, and each of them overseen by individuals who commit to the way of Zen (Chán).
The communities meet as one a few times a year at zazenkai, taking stock of health and numbers and enabling discussion of any concerns while also practicing Zen together. Thus the sangha can spread outwards, while always maintaining a sustainable, hyper local feel.
While some inheritors of Xuyun’s line pass on his (and/or Jy Din’s) teachings, the emphasis here is only skilful means as Jy Din would likely have wished.
- He was given bodhisattva ordination in the Sōtō Zen lineage of Taisen Deshimaru by Taisen’s student, Guy Mokuho Mercier on December 5th, 2010, Bristol UK.
- He received transmission from Michael Pockley in the Chán lineage of Hsu Yun on 22nd July, 2019.
- (a garment lost to the tradition in the country of its origin, China, but popular with western Zen priests)
I was wearing second-hand clothes and had slippers on my feet, sat in a garden in baking heat…