Lineage

A health warning begins…

“Followers of the Way, if you want to get the kind of understanding that accords with the dharma, never be misled by others. Whether you’re facing inward or facing outward, whatever you meet up with, just kill it! If you meet a Buddha, kill the Buddha. If you meet a patriarch, kill the patriarch. If you meet an arhat, kill the arhat. …Then, for the first time, you will gain emancipation, will not be entangled with things, will pass freely anywhere you wish to go”.

Jy Din – according to Chuan Zhi

It’s possible, even probable, that no Buddhist lineage has been recorded in the perfect, unbroken, line it is meant to be back to Buddha.

India:

ŚākyaSanskritChineseEnding honorificJapanese
Buddha (c. 563/480 – c. 483/400 BCE)
本師釋迦牟尼佛
尊者 zūn zhě (his holiness)
1Mahā Kāśyapa – the flower sermon dude
摩訶迦葉 / Móhējiāyè
尊者 zūn zhě (his holiness)Makakashō
2Ānanda – Sutta-Piṭaka and the first Buddhist council 阿難陀 / Ānántuó (Ānán) 尊者 zūn zhě (his holiness)Anan
3Śāṇavāsa
4Upagupta – possibly the teacher of Asoka 優波鞠多 / Yōupójúduō 尊者 zūn zhě (his holiness)Ubakikuta
5Dhritaka
6Miccaka
7Vasumitra
8Buddhanandi
9Buddhamitra
10Pārśva
11Punyayaśas
12Ānabodhi / Bodhisattva Aśvaghoṣa馬鳴大士 (馬鳴) / Ānàpútí dà shì (Mǎmíng)尊者 zūn zhě (his holiness)Anabotei (Memyō)
13Kapimala
14Bodhisattva Nāgārjuna – philosopher of the Prajñāpāramitā sūtras那伽閼剌樹那 (龍樹)
/ Nàqiéèlàshùnà (Lóngshù)
尊者 zūn zhě (his holiness)Nagaarajuna (Ryūju)
15Āryadeva / Kānadeva
16Rāhulata
17Sanghānandi
18Sanghayaśas
19Kumārata
20Śayata / Jayata
21Vasubandhu
22Manura (Manorhita/Manorhata)
23Haklenayaśas
24Simhabodhi / Sinha
25Vasiastia (Vasi-Asita)
26Punyamitra
27Prajnatara / Prajñātārā, also known as Keyura, Prajnadhara, or Hannyatara, was the twenty-seventh patriarch of Indian Buddhism.
般若多羅 / Bānruòduōluó
尊者 zūn zhě (his holiness)

Like anything, lineage can inspire attachment and craving, and for legitimacy as ‘Buddhists’ of any kind, we’re encouraged to cast our gaze inwards. Buddhanature is its own legitimation:

you be the Buddha to you.


China: Chán (Zen)

The first six have been numbered with Chinese characters. They’re the ‘grandmasters’—Zen’s founding people.

ŚākyaChánSanskritChineseEnding honorificJapanese
281Bodhidharma (d.535)Ta Mo, 菩提達磨 , Pútídámó 尊者 zūn zhě (his holiness)Bodaidaruma
29
二祖
Huìkě 慧可 大師 dàshī (grandmaster) Taiso Eka487-593
30
三祖
Sēngcàn 僧璨 大師 dàshī (grandmaster)Kanchi Sōsan495-606
31
四祖
Dào xìn 道信 大師 dàshī (grandmaster)Dōshin580-651
32五祖Hóngrěn 弘忍 大師 dàshī (grandmaster)Konin602-675

The actual origins of Chán may lie in ascetic practitioners of Buddhism, who found refuge in forests and mountains…
“He began the physical training of the monks of Shaolin Monastery that led to the creation of Shaolin kungfu. In Japan, he is known as Daruma.”

You can even see that reflected today in our US and European branch preference for hermitages in woods; a mirror image of what happened to Buddhism once it hit China.

A woman in a forest

But you wanted to read about lineage?

Well, here it is. Línjì.

Just don’t expect it to be
perfectly written.

ŚākyaChánChineseEnding honorificJapaneseDate
33
六祖
Cao-xi Huìnéng 慧能 The Sixth Patriarch of Chán, a semi-legendary but central figure in the early history of Chinese Chán Buddhism. Pronounced ‘hui-noong’.大師 dàshī (grandmaster)Daikan Enō638-713
347Nányuè Huáiràng
南嶽懷讓

禪師 Chánshī (Chánmaster) as opposed to 法士 Fǎ shì, priest.
Nangaku Ejõ677-744
358Mǎzǔ dào yīa 馬祖道一Chánmaster is then applied to all the following.Baso Dōitsu709-788
369Bǎizhàng huáihǎiai
百丈懷海
Hyakujō Ekai750-814
3710Huángbò Xīyùn Ōbaku Kiund.850

Miles (centre)

Executive summary:

Xūyún (we know him as Hsu Yun)
is as legit as they get.

He ordained Chinese-born
Wei Miao Shì Zhì Dìng (Jy Din),

who ordained Chuán Zhi,

who had his ordination rubber-stamped ,

who ordained Miles,

then Michael…

you get the picture.

For what happened next, this is the list I have and it’s the one Michael passed to me.

But note:
1) Lineages are complicated and murky things
2) Hsu Yun (Xuyun) had link to of all five petals of Chán:
潙仰宗 Guíyáng,
临济宗 Línjì zōng (the dominant form, Rinzai)
Caodong (gave rise to Sōtō Zen in Japan),
Yunmen (Blue Cliff Record, absorbed into Línjì), and
法眼宗 Fayan (absorbed into Línjì).
It’s a complex picture, but it’s all Zen.
Jy Din would likely agree: the cloth is cut to suit the participants: In China it wasn’t a rigid, separated thing between the schools.

3) What you see below might be—although I have no evidence to back this up—a table version of a tree type document. I say this because dates go back and forth, and at least one of the names is Caodong.

During a cold January, I tried researching web links for every name in this chunk. I found a few. If you find more, feel free to tell me. I may revisit this one day… or not.

My source: a document dated from 2011 and stamped.
ŚākyaChánLínjìName (m)Ending honorificDate
38111Lin-ji Yixuan 临济义玄; 臨濟義玄; Línjì Yìxuán; Lin-chi I-hsüan <== this is Rinzai. (Jp: Rinzai Gigen)

禪師 Chánshī (Chánmaster)787-866
39122Xīnghuà Cúnjiǎng
興化存獎
Chánmaster is then applied to all the following.830-888
40133Nányuàn Huìyóng
南院慧顒
d.952
41144Feng-xue Yan-zhao
風穴延昭
896-973
42155Shǒushān Shěngniàn
首山省念
926-993
43166Fen-yang Shan-zhao
汾陽善昭
947-1024
44177Shí-shuāng Chǔ-yuán 石霜楚圓 (986-1039)
986-1039
45188Yáng-qí Fāng-huì
楊岐方會
992-1049
46199Bái-yún Shǒu-duān 白雲守端
1025-1072
472010Wǔ-zǔ Fǎ-yǎn
五祖法演
1024-1104
482111Yuán-wù (or Huan-wu) Kè-qín
圓悟克勤
1063-1135
492212Hǔ-qiū Shào-lóng
虎丘紹隆
1077-1136
502313Yīng-ān Tán-huá
1103-1163
512414Mì-ān Xián-jié
密庵咸傑
1118-1186
522515Pò-ān Zǔ-xian
破庵祖
1136-1211
532616Wú-zhǔn Shī-fàn
無準師範
1174-1249

So why have lineages?


It’s a question.


Taken as just something person-to-person,
it’s a bit like an A-Level or degree:
a bona fide Zen person will have done
a lot of meditating, probably knows
what they’re talking about concerning it,
so can maybe help you with your meditation too.

Somebody else has vouched for them and said, ‘they’re okay’.

It’s not foolproof,
but there you go!

There’s quite a bit more to it than that, but that’s the gist.
NameEnding honorificDateNotes
Jing-ci Miao-lun
Chánmaster is still applied to all the following.1201-1261
Rui-yan Wen-bao
d.1335
Hua-ding Xian-du
1265-1334
Fu-lin Zhi-du
1304-1370
Gu-zhuo Chang-jun
Wu-ji Ming-wu
Tai-gang-cheng
Yi-feng-ning
d.1491
Tian-mu Bao-fang-jin
Ye-weng Hui-xiao
Wu-qu Ru-kong
1491-1580
Wu-huan Xing-chong
1540-1611
Xing-shan Hui-guang
1576-1620
Pu-ming De-yong
1587-1642
Gao-an Yuan-qing
Ben-zhi Ming-jue
Zi-bo Zhen-ke or
Dáguān Zhēnkě. (J. Takkan Shinka; K. Talgwan Chin’ga 達觀眞可
1543-1603Link suggests he was a Pure Land kinda guy, as well as Chán.
Duan-xu Ru-hong
Chun-jie Xing-kui
Ci-yun Hai-jun
Zhi-sheng Ji-wen
Duan-yuan Zhao-hua
Qi-an Pu-ming
Tao-qiao Tong-sheng
Wu-xiu Xin-kong
Hong-hua Yuan-wu
Xiang-qing Guang-song
Shou-dao Xu-xian
Zheng-yue Ben-chao
Yong-chang Jue-shen
Fang-lai Chang-yuan
Huo-wu Long-can
Wei-chao Neng-can
Qi-liang Ren-fan
Miao-lian Sheng-hua
1824-1907, also Xuyun’s master (?)
Ding-feng Guo-cheng or Yaocheng
Probably the Cao Dong line (source).
At Tremenheere Sculpture..Jim Champion

…and then we are into recent history.

HonorificDate
Shan-ci Chang-kai (Changkai)… 禪師 Chánshī (Chánmaster) as opposed to 法士 Fǎ shì, priest, is still applied to the following …
De-qing Yen-ch’e (Hsu Yun)

Xūyún Xing-che and other names in other parts of the tree 虛雲性徹
There is an extensive write-up about him on Wikipedia. He’s a ‘famous’ guru.1840-1959

The following article was submitted for use on Wikipedia but, at the time, seems not to have met the requirements regarding certain things such as the sources being removed enough from the subject for a page about an historical figure. Not wanting to lose the research effort, I’ve posted it here. Similar may apply for later figures.

Jy Din

Jy Ding (Wei Miao Shì Zhì Dìng, Śākya / Chánshī; traditional Chinese: 唯淼 釋 (傳/智)定 禪師; occasionally ”Jy Din”, possibly ”Zhiding” September 7, 1917 – March 13, 2003, we know him as Jy Din; he preferred ‘shakya’ as the honorific for himself and those after him, lit. ‘of Buddha’s tribe’)

He was a Chinese Chan Buddhist master[1] [2], founder[3] and Abbot[4][5] of Hsu Yun Temple in Honolulu Hawaii.

Significance

It is quite possible that Chan Buddhism (Chinese) first came to the West with Jy Ding[6][7].

He was sent[8] by his Zen Master Xuyun[9] in 1956[10]. He was part of the group of Xuyun Dharma disciples who were pushed by their master to leave China shortly before the Communist takeover in 1949.[11] He started building the Hsu Yun Temple in the same year – the first Chán Buddhist temple in the west[12].[13] Construction of the ‘great hall’ part of this temple, overseen by Jy Ding, began in 1964 and finished three years later, in 1967[14]. The full temple complex, which was constructed over ten years[11], was sanctioned at a ceremony on November 8th, 1997[12], at which Jy Ding, presiding as founder[5] and abbot[4] also named his spiritual successor to be Chuan Zhi, someone born in Indiana. (An additional ordination back in China, conducted by Jy Ding along with Great Master Benhuan and many others, followed later.[12])

Early life

According to the Honolulu Advertiser, he was born November 17, 1917, “in the river town of Shao Guan in Fujian province, China” to “a well-to-do family engaged in building materials and vegetable sales” and he became “a venerated teacher to thousands of Hawai’i’s Chinese Buddhists”.[5]

He lived near the monastery of the 6th patriarch, Huineng, and had the habit of visiting it. At the time, the monastery was partly in ruins, and both Taoist and Buddhist monks and nuns inhabited it.

When he was still quite young, he met master Xuyun (Hsu Yun) at Nan Hua monastery, being ordained by him at the age of 20. For several years, he served as Xuyun’s interpreter when the master was on the road giving important talks. After some time away studying, he returned to Nan Hua monastery and regulated the monastery ground, schools, and offices. Then, when Xuyun left Nan Hua to restore the Yun Men monastery and lineage, Master Jy Ding became the head monk of Nan Hua monastery, and a committee member of the Chinese Buddhist Association.

When the war came, they both moved to Hong Kong[11] together, and whilst there, Jy Ding received the invitation of the Chinese immigrant community from Honolulu, to spread the dharma in Hawaii—a country still independent of the USA at that time. Xuyun approved, using simple words: “spread the Dharma to the West”.[12]

See also

Notes

  1. “In 1947, the old monk Xuyun and Master Zhiding took a group photo in front of the Guangzhou Zoulu Mansion” – KKNEWS.CC
  2. Star Bulletin Obituary
  3. https://honoluludharma.com/temples.php
  4. Taiwannews.com
  5. Honolulu Advertiser 21 March 2003
  6. Centro-syz.org
  7. xu-yun.org
  8. Dharmawheel.net
  9. “Empty Cloud: The teachings of Xu Yun: A remembrance of the Great Chinese Zen Master”, Jy Din, 1996, Hong Kong : H. K. Buddhist book distributor
  10. Religions in Asian America: Building Faith Communities Pyong Gap Min & Jung Ha Kim (Eds.), Altamira Press, 2002
  11. Zhe, Ji; Fisher, Gareth; Laliberté, André (2019). Buddhism after Mao: Negotiations, Continuities, and Reinventions. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. p. 133. ISBN978-0-8248-7734-7.
  12. Dharma Winds Zen Sangha Lineage
  13. Ownby, David; Goossaert, Vincent; Zhe, Ji (2016). Making Saints in Modern China. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 133. ISBN978-0-19-049457-5.
  14. Honolulu Advertiser, 25 July, 2004
  15. Zatma.org
  16. Xuyun.org

…and then the west…
which in pictures…
looks partly like this…

This is Miles doing his annual peace walk to remember Martin Luther King, a friend of Thich Nhat Hanh.
Image ©Jack Ottaway – added to Wikimedia by Jack and Trevor, with the help of Koro Kaisan Miles.
Michael Pockley/ Kaishin Inshu/ Yin Shi
added to Wikimedia by Michael and Trevor
Pingu.

Perhaps the next person in this list is you?

Really, there is no bar between master, teacher, or monk in this branch of the line since Jy Din—’abbot’ and ‘priest’ being more like certain offices. Build a temple, then you can be an abbot! That’s to say it is horizontal: you are ordained, or you’re not.

Other branches of the Jy Din line are less horizontal, so slice the pie differently.

This is new lands, the lineage goes on, and who knows who will do what! But, since Jy Din, we have mostly all been non-monastic, practically focussed, sometimes eremite, and mystical ole sticks.

Or, we can keep going if you like…

How about taking up knitting?


Now’s a good time to read:
Hsu Yun Temple
on Wikipedia.

A fascinating article about the only physical temple (so far) in this particular branch.

Chuan Zhi (Steve)

Shì Chuán-Zhi Jiàn Xíng-hang, Śākya / Chánshī (traditional Chinese:釋 傳智 見行 禪師; Chuán Zhi; given name Steve) (b. 1960) is a Chan Buddhist master.[1]

Significance

Chuan Zhi, given the precepts in 1993 by Ming Zhen Shakya [2] was ordained by Jy Ding at Hsu Yun Temple [3] on November 8th, 1997. The name ‘Chuan Zhi’ bears resemblance to Jy Ding’s own[4], a signal that Jy Ding wanted Chuan Zhi to be his spiritual successor.

He was ordained again in 1998 as a monk, or bhikṣu at China’s Hongfa Temple, Shenzhen, by ten masters, including Jy Ding and Benhuan[5]. This was an honour recognised by the Buddhist Association of China [6].

He did not have to adopt the Vinaya rules.

He was the first American-born practitioner to be added to Xuyun‘s lineage in the United States .[7] [8] [9]

Notes

  1. http://www.hsuyun.org/index.html
  2. https://web.archive.org/web/20200118110424/https://dharmawheel.net/viewtopic.php?t=2116
  3. https://web.archive.org/web/20200118092710/https://dharmawindszensangha.org/our-lineage/ Dharma Winds Zen Sangha
  4. https://web.archive.org/web/20170711165723/https://www.flickr.com/photos/nostri-imago/2854539040/
  5. https://web.archive.org/web/20200118110424/https://dharmawheel.net/viewtopic.php?t=2116
  6. https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/chinese-buddhism
  7. https://www.eyeofchan.org/all-articles/articles-by-author/articles-by-chuan-zhi.html
  8. https://www.existentialbuddhist.com/tag/chuan-zhi/
  9. https://www.kirkusreviews.com/book-reviews/chuan-zhi/exploring-chan-an-introduction-to-the-religious-an/
Chuan Zhi
釋 傳智 見行 禪師
Personal
Born12 October, 1960
Lafayette, IN
ReligionChan Buddhism
NationalityAmerican
SchoolLinji school and possibly others.
LineageJy Ding
Senior posting
TeacherJy Ding
PredecessorJy Ding
Students: Fa Lohng Huo Hong Fa
Websitehttps://www.eyeofchan.org
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese釋 傳智 見行 禪師
Simplified Chinese释传智 見行
Transcriptions
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu PinyinShì Chuán Zhi, or Chuán Zhi Śākya
Wade–Gilesshih ch’uan chih
Yale Romanization釋[sik1]傳[chyun4]智[ji3]
Yue: Cantonese
Jyutpingsik1 cyun4 zi3

Fǎ Lohng (Miles)

Fǎ Lohng Huo Hong Fǎ, Śākya / Chánshī / Wayfarer (法狼 活弘法 禪師 Chinese; Fa Lohng Śākya)[1][2][3][4][5]; means ‘Dharma Wolf Lives (by Propagating Buddha’s Teaching)’; goes by Kaishin Inshu, rōshi; sometimes Thich Tam Phàp, different lineage (see below); ‘Wayfarer’ honorific is specific to his Order (see below)) (b. 1960) is a Chán or Zen master, and is native to the United States.

Significance

Perhaps better known, by his given name ‘Richard Miles’[6], for co-designing the tall ship Lady Washington[1], he is part of a western non-monastic tradition of Zen Priests begun by Jy Ding. As such he has played a key role in the continuation of Xuyun‘s lineage in the west, naming Michael Pockley (British) one of his successors, thus also helping a unique, and at times experimental, flavour of Chán, or Zen, to reach Europe[7].

He founded, and hand-built, the Koin An Zen Dojo, in Olympia, co-founded the Order of the Boundless Way [8], and built the Open Gate Zendo (Koro An) Olympia—along similar lines to that of Koin An[8]. He is also known for initiating Prison Dharma outreach in Washington State prisons, and instituting a local, annual peace walk in memory of Dr. Martin Luther King[9]

Lineages

  • Received precepts under Hsuan Hua, a student of Xuyun, in San Francisco, in the 1970s.
  • Received transmission in the Jy Ding lineage, in 2008, by Chuan Zhi and Chuan Zhang, as Fa Lohng Huo Hong Fa
  • Recognised as a dharma teacher in 2016 in the lineage of Venerable H.T. Thích Thiên-Ân by Thich An Giao, a Zen Master in the Vietnamese Thiền (Zen) tradition, at Desert Zen Center[10] in Lucerne Valley, California, as Thich Tam Phàp
  • Founder of his own Order, Boundless Way, in which he is a ‘Wayfarer’

References

Some clarification regarding his lineage can be found in Zhi, Chuan (29 October 2019). Exploring Chán: An Introduction to the Religious and Mystical Tradition of Chinese Buddhism. Songlark. p. 474. ISBN 9781733314312.

Notes

  1. Northwest Dharma Association
  2. Evergreen.edu
  3. The Olympian, January 20th, 2019
  4. The Olympian January 15th, 2011
  5. Great Silence Hermitage, Facebook
  6. The Daily World, November 8th, 2012
  7. Dharma Winds Zen Sangha Lineage
  8. Order of the Boundless Way (OBW/ Mugendo Zen Kai)
  9. SFGate.com – Remembering Dr King Across the Nation
  10. Constantcontact.com

Further Reading

…and then, on 31st October 2009,
in the US,
this happened…

View this gallery in a different way >

…and then we are in Europe…

Michael Pockley

Yín Shí, Śākya / Chánshī (印時 禪師 Chinese; means ‘seal of dharma’; Inshu (Japanese); prefers ‘Kaishin Inshu, rōshi’; usu. Michael Pockley) (b. 1967), is a Chán or Zen master.

Significance

He was the first British person to be added to the lineage of Jy Ding, a move made by his American teacher Koro Kaisan Miles to fulfil Xuyun‘s original request to Jy Ding to spread Chán to the West.

Following ordination at Open Gate Zendo[1], Washington State, 31st October 2009 under the tutelage of Koro Kaisan Miles, Michael:

  • established a zendō (Chinese: Chántáng) close to his home in Oxfordshire,
  • became among the first, if not the first, to take Linji Chan to Kenya, serving Zen Kenya[2] as locum zazen leader and rural outreach worker at Lake Victoria[3],
  • was senior Linji cleric in the Czech Republic, setting up Prague Rinzai Zendo[4],
  • established the Tumbleweed Zen sangha in Oxfordshire in 2017[5],
  • taught Zen Buddhism as Visiting Instructor at Somerville College, Oxford.[6] (2017 – 2019),
  • taught Zen to thousands of children, sometimes for whole schools at a time (for example, Bedales,[7] in 2011).

In part because of some training in Japanese Buddhism prior to his 2009 ordination, he has tended to use the Japanese form of his dharma name: Kaishin[8] Inshu rōshi. The ‘Inshu’ part is the dharma name, which in Chinese is Yín Shí, 印時.

He has so far named four successors.

Early life and education

He was raised in Hampshire and schooled at Marlborough House School[9] and Haileybury College. He studied for a Bachelor of Arts in Politics at Durham University in 1989, a Postgraduate Certificate in Education at Homerton College, Cambridge, in 1992, and an Master of Arts (Ed.) in the Philosophy of Education at the Institute of Education, University of London, 1996. Finally, he attained a Postgraduate Diploma in Buddhist Studies at University of Sunderland, 2007.

After brief service in the British Army as a 2nd Lieutenant,[10] he became a bookseller, a property manager, and a kibbutznik at the Kibbutz in Shefayim. He then taught at several schools, including Státní Jazyková Škola in Prague (1993-4), The Dragon School, Oxford (2006–11), Kenton College, Nairobi (2011), Turning Point Trust, Kibera (2012), Masarykovo Klasické Gymnázium, Říčany (2013–14), Univerzita Karlova (1993–94 and 2014–17), Open Gate School, Babice u Říčan (2013–17), St. Joseph’s RC Primary School, Oxford (2018)[11], Carfax and Greene’s tutorial colleges, Oxford (2017–19) and West Buckland School, Devon (2019 onwards)[12].

From 1993 to 2018 he served as an examiner for the Czech Ministry of Education.

He is affiliated with the Centre for Formal Epistemology at the Czech Academy of Sciences.[13]

Notes

  1. https://web.archive.org/web/20170321185902/http://www.boundlessmindzen.org/
  2. https://web.archive.org/web/20110831075757/http://sites.google.com/site/zenkenya/
  3. Pockley, Michael (January 22, 2012). “The Dojin Roku: Zen Outreach in Kenya”.
  4. “World Buddhist Directory – Presented by BuddhaNet.Net”. web.archive.org. April 21, 2016.
  5. https://web.archive.org/web/20200111142024/https://tumble.home.blog/lineage/
  6. “Wayback Machine” (PDF). web.archive.org. April 13, 2019.
  7. https://www.bedales.org.uk/
  8. Kaisan, Koro (July 5, 2011). “Drifting Clouds and Flowing Water: Meet Nick Crowther-Wilton”.
  9. “Patrick Muirhead and Michael Pockley letters – National Library of Wales Archives and Manuscripts”. archives.library.wales.
  10. “Wayback Machine” (PDF). web.archive.org. January 12, 2020.
  11. https://www.st-josephs-pri.oxon.sch.uk/sites/www.st-josephs-pri.oxon.sch.uk/files/2018-01/Monday%20-%20Cross%20Country%20Feb%202018.pdf
  12. https://www.westbuckland.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/GCSE-Booklet-2020-21-Full-Version-FINAL.pdf
  13. “Rev. Michael Pockley, MA (Ed.), PG Dip., BA, PGCE”. web.archive.org. January 12, 2020.

Further reading

Michael Pockley
印時 禪師
Titlerōshi / Shakya
Personal
BornFebruary 9, 1967
Singapore
ReligionChan Buddhism
NationalityBritish
SpouseVera
Schoolinclude the Linji school
LineageJy Ding
Notable work(s)Mediteren in de trein (Panta Rhei, 2017)
Templenone
Senior posting
TeacherKoro Kaisan Miles
PredecessorKoro Kaisan Miles (Fǎ Lohng Huo Hong Fǎ Shakya)
Students include Trevor Barton
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese印時
Simplified Chinese印时
Transcriptions
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu PinyinYín Shí

…and now we are in England…

This one isn’t on Wikis!

Trevor / Pingu

Zhèng Píngguǒ (證 蘋果 禪師 Chinese; prefers Trevor ; means ‘Bear Witness (to the Dharma), Apple’; nickname Pingu) (1975 – ) …

Significance

  • He has instructed others in Zen meditation since 2011.
  • He took on the coordination of Tumbleweed Zen sangha founded 2017[1], in April 2018[2].

His lineage is that of Jy Din’s—the abbot who founded Hsu Yun Temple, ordained Chuan Zhi, and established a non-monastic, practical and sometimes mystical style devised to spread the dharma to the west.

His sangha is in keeping this tradition, separating itself from formal dōjō set-up, use of chanting, ritual, or generally the wearing of any special robes like kesa [3], except at special events.

Instead his emphasis, as determined by his teacher Michael Pockley, is on

  • practical effort in the local sangha community,
  • lay practice (normally sitting meditation), and
  • ‘living the way’.

Informal in nature, the name of the sangha serves as organising nomenclature for what is, in effect, a series of events or hermitages in England, all of the same approach, and each of them overseen by individuals who commit to the way of Zen (Chán).

The communities meet as one a few times a year at zazenkai, taking stock of health and numbers and enabling discussion of any concerns while also practicing Zen together. Thus the sangha can spread outwards, while always maintaining a sustainable, hyper local feel.

While some inheritors of Xuyun’s line pass on his (and/or Jy Din’s) teachings, the emphasis here is only skilful means as Jy Din would likely have wished.

Early life

  • He was given bodhisattva ordination in the Sōtō Zen lineage of Taisen Deshimaru by Taisen’s student, Guy Mokuho Mercier[4] on December 5th, 2010, Bristol UK.
  • He received transmission from Michael Pockley in the Chán lineage of Hsu Yun on 22nd July, 2019.

Notes

  1. https://web.archive.org/web/20200111142024/https://tumble.home.blog/lineage/
  2. https://web.archive.org/web/20200118105925/https://tumbleweedzen.blogspot.com/2014/11/welcome.html
  3. (a garment lost to the tradition in the country of its origin, China, but popular with western Zen priests)
  4. https://web.archive.org/web/20200118164527/https://tenborin.org/en/guy-mokuho-mercier/

Further reading

I was wearing second-hand clothes and had slippers on my feet, sat in a garden in baking heat…